[Solved] Assignment 219068


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Subject: General Questions / General General Questions
Q1. Crashing a schedule entails:a. adding extra resources to the job to speed things upb. abandoning a schedule, and replacing it with a new one that takes into account current informationc. recognizing that because a schedule will not be achieved, it should be abandonedd. lengthening the amount of time tasks need to be carried out in order to reflect the realities of getting a job doneQ2. A call option is the opportunity to sell a stock at a given price within a defined time frame.a. trueb. falseQ3. When viewing the Net Present Value (NPV) of an investment opportunity, you are looking at:a. The rate of return on your investment over a fixed period of timeb. The profit associated with your future investment measured in terms of today’s dollarsc. The point of time in which the investment finally has returns that are greater than outlaysd. Discounted, pre-tax profitsQ4. Treasury notes and bonds are examples of:a. Risky investmentsb. Above zero risk optionsc. Zero risk optionsd. Unreliable measures of rate of return on investmentsQ5. In making decisions using benefit-cost analysis, analysts often find themselves struggling to deal with trade-offs between benefits and costs.a. trueb. falseQ6. IRR is the best capital budgeting technique because it identifies the rate of return on an investment.a. trueb. falseQ7. A price elasticity of 1.2 indicates that:a. an item costs 20% more after an increase in demand than beforeb. a 10% increase in demand leads to a 12% increase of revenuec. a 1% increase in quantity demanded, leads to a 1.2% decrease in priced. a 1% increase in price, leads to 1.2% decrease in quantity demandedQ8. Benefit-cost analyses can be qualitative.a. trueb. falseQ9. On the balance sheet, patented technology should appear as:a. a short term assetb. a long term assetc. a short term liabilityd. a long term liabilityQ10. Following are the benefit-cost ratios for three investment opportunities. Which is the best investment?Investment opportunity Benefit-cost ratioA 1.8B 2.1C 1.5a. Ab. Bc. Cd. We have insufficient information to determine which investment opportunity is the most attractiveQ11. The financial tool that shows the profitability of an enterprise is called:a. a cash flow statementb. a balance sheetc. a pro forma statementd. an income statementQ12. Mixed costs can have a fixed and variable component to them.a. trueb. falseQ13. In options trading, strike price is the price of a stock determined by market forces.a. trueb. falseQ14. A frequently encountered problem with budgets is that the project cost data that forms the basis of the budget is often based on optimistic assumptions.a. trueb. falseQ15. The coding system by which project financial data are organized is called:a. the code of accountsb. the general ledgerc. the cost accountd. the chart of accountsQ16. I need two designers working three days each to design a new software system. One code-writer will spend eleven days writing software to implement the design. One tester will test and correct the resulting code over three days. What is the level of effort associated with this project?a. 20 person daysb. $2,525c. 15 daysd. Cannot compute without data on indirect costsQ17. In doing benefit-cost analysis, you often encounter situations where an element of the analysis can be treated as either a cost or benefit.a. trueb. falseQ18. The condition where you have one all-powerful buyer of goods and services is called:a. Monopsonyb. Monopolyc. Oligopolyd. Imperfect competitionQ19. The best way to develop a budget is to identify all the things you want and to include these items in the budgeta. trueb. falseQ20. A benefit-cost ratio is a measure of how efficiently investment dollars are being used.a. trueb. falseQ21. In principle, the salary paid a worker should be:a. less than the required level of profitb. equal to minimum wage requirementsc. determined by opportunity costs of the investment opportunityd. less than the worker’s value marginal productQ22. The Caldor-Hicks criterion is an approach to determining the benefits associated with public sector projects.a. trueb. falseQ23. An advantage that the accrual method has over the cash method of accounting is that:a. It is an insurance against financial scandalsb. It makes it more difficult for a company to overstate its revenuesc. The cost of doing a job is tied to the time period when payment was made for the work effortd. The cost of doing a job is tied to the time when the work was doneQ24. With diminishing returns:a. as inputs into a process increase, output decreasesb. as output decreases, inputs into a process decreasec. as inputs into a process increase, outputs increase at a decreasing rated. as inputs decrease, outputs decrease as wellQ25. Capital expenditures are those that will benefit the firm for a period of time of more than a year.a. trueb. falseQ26. An assessment of high impact project requirements finds that the following requirements have varying beneficial impacts (indicated by percentage figure in parentheses). The Pareto Rule suggests which requirements should be addressed first?Requirements and their corresponding beneficial impacts: A (2%), B (50%), C (2%), D(5%), E(10%), F(1%), G (30%), H (1%), I (2%), J(2%)a. A, C, F, H, I, Jb. B, Gc. B, G, Ed. A, B, EQ27. Which of the following items is an example of direct costs?a. The cost of lumber used in building a structureb. Lease payments for office spacec. Cost of heating and air conditioningd. Salaries of supervisors, secretaries, and attorneysQ28. Wages for a project are $50,000. Fringe benefits and overhead add up to an additional $100,000. What is the loading or burden rate for the work effort?a. $50,000b. 2.00c. 3.00d. $100,000Q29. When preparing a bid price for a project, Debby uses the following data: John’s salary ($20,000), Mary’s salary ($30,000), cost of materials ($10,000), required profit ($10,000). What is the bid price for doing the project?a. $70,000b. $60,000c. More than $70, 000, because cost overruns always occurd. More than $70,000 in order to include indirect costsQ30. James increases the price of a widget from $10 to $12. As a result, sales drop from $10,000 to $7,000. Price elasticity here is:a. 0.67b. 1.00c. 1.50d. 2.00Q31. If your project was supposed to have spent $100,000 to date, has actually spent $120,000, but has done $80,000 worth of work (your earned value), what is your cost variance according to the earned value management perspective?a. on target performanceb. $20,000 overrunc. $40,000 overrund. $60,000 overrunQ32. At the beginning of the year, Hank puts $100,000 into an investment. At the end of the year, the investment is completed and he is given a check for $110,000. Meanwhile, Susan puts $100,000 in another investment, and receives $140,000. In retrospect, what was Hank’s opportunity cost?a. $30,000b. $40,000c. $100,000d. $110,000Q33. In SWOT analyses, ‘weakness’ refers to:a. internal factors that can harm project performanceb. external factors that can harm project performancec. situations where costs exceed benefitsd. projects that have not yet achieved profitabilityQ34. A budget variance of -10% for expenditures during the month of April shows that a project is:a. losing moneyb. will face a cost overrun at its conclusionc. is still on targetd. We don’t have enough information to determine budget statusQ35. Critics of using NPV analysis for the purpose of making investment decisions maintain that:a. you cannot use it productively, since it is impossible to know what cash flows will beb. it is biased against long-term investmentsc. it only shows the relative performance of a project and not absolute levels of profitabilityd. it does not take into account riskQ36. NPV and IRR analyses are basically the same, but viewed from different perspectives.a. trueb. falseQ37. It is generally a good idea to develop budget worksheets as a precursor to full fledged budgets.a. trueb. falseQ38. The IRR figure resulting from an analysis of projected cash flows can be used:a. to negotiate an interest rate for a bank loanb. to measure the profitability of the investmentc. to assess the payback point of the investmentd. to compare the investment opportunity being examined with other investment opportunitiesQ39. Zero based budgeting looks at last year’s expenditures as the basis of computing this year’s budget.a. trueb. falseQ40. If a frost causes widespread damages to orange crops in Florida, and this leads to a jump in the price of oranges, this can be captured by movement along the demand curve.a. trueb. false

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