[Solved] Assignment 219421

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Subject: History    / General History
QuestionMultiple Choice – Select the best correct answer and write corresponding enumerated letter in this Journal Entry (100 points)1. Which of the following best expresses the beliefs of William H. Seward?a. War is the only means by which the United States can acquire an empire.b. America will acquire an empire as the result of a natural process of gravitation toward the United States.c. The United States must resist the temptation of annexing territories populated by nonwhites.d. As missionaries spread the Christian message, the other peoples of the Western Hemisphere will be drawninto the American orbit.2. Secretary of State William H. Seward successfully acquired which of the following for the United States?a. Alaskab. Guamc. Puerto Ricod. the Virgin Islands3. Which important event occurred in 1866 largely because of the efforts of Cyrus Field?a. The first permanent, underwater transatlantic telegraph cable was successfully laid, linking Europe and America.b. Russia sold Alaska to the United States.c. A United States naval squadron seized and laid claim to the Midway Islands.d. The first transcontinental railroad was completed, linking the east and west coasts of the United States.4. Captain Alfred T. Mahan argued that the nation’s economic well-being depended ona. a commitment to educational excellence.b. the building of an efficient navy to protect American shipping.c. doubling the size of the United States Army.d. the spread of democratic principles throughout the world.5. Which of the following statements is most consistent with Frederick Jackson Turner’s frontier thesis?a. The prevalence of violence in American society may be explained by the fact that Americans havecontinually had to tame and civilize a vast wilderness.b. The American character has been shaped by the ever-expanding continental frontier.c. Now that North America has been civilized, the American people will look inward with the goal of creating a truly egalitarian democracy.d. With the passing of the frontier, Americans must fulfill their destiny by acquiring an overseas empire.6. Annexationists in Hawai’i plotted the 1893 overthrow of the Hawaiian government for which of the followingreasons?a. To avoid paying the new American tariff on Hawaiian sugar imported into the United Statesb. To provoke a war between the United States and Japanc. To place Queen Liliuokalani in powerd. To keep more Chinese and Japanese from migrating to Hawai’i7. The annexation of the Hawaiian Islands was preceded bya. a request for such action by Queen Liliuokalani.b. the discovery by the State Department that Japan was planning to annex the islands.c. a revolution in which all foreign business interests were forced out of the islands.d. the seizure of Hawaii’s government, which was plotted by leading whites, including American sugar growers,and carried out with the assistance of American troops.8. Hawai’i was annexed by the United States under Presidenta. Grover Cleveland.b. Benjamin Harrison.c. William McKinley.d. Theodore Roosevelt.9. The Venezuelan crisisa. indicated that England was spoiling for war with the United States.b. showed the subtleties and caution of United States foreign policy.c. indicated that the United States wanted war with England.d. indicated that the rights of smaller nations are often not considered when two major powers confront eachother.10. Which of the following played a role in precipitating the Cuban revolution of 1895?a. The abolition of slavery in Cubab. The beginning of Cuban industrializationc. An American military invasiond. The imposition of a United States tariff on Cuban sugar11. As a consequence of the sinking of the Maine,a. Congress authorized President McKinley’s request for $50 million in defense funds.b. Spain agreed to allow the United States to arbitrate the dispute between Cuban insurgents and the Spanish government.c. Cuban terrorists bombed the Spanish embassy in Washington, D.C.d. Enrique Dupuy de Lôme publicly belittled President McKinley.12. The United States declaration of war on Spain in 1898a. was the result of Spain’s refusal to respond to United States diplomatic proposals.b. came after Spain made some diplomatic concessions to the United States.c. came after Spain stepped up its reconcentration policy.d. was the result of Spain’s rejection of a United States offer to buy Cuba.13. The Teller Amendmenta. detailed humanitarian reasons for the declaration of war against Spain.b. approved the annexation of Hawai’i.c. approved Commodore Dewey’s attack on the Spanish fleet in the Pacific.d. disclaimed any American intention of annexing Cuba.14. Which of the following is true of both the Venezuelan crisis and the Cuban crisis?a. In both instances, the United States insisted that it would set the rules of conduct in the WesternHemisphere.b. Both situations indicated a willingness on the part of European powers to back down in the face of American might.c. Both situations contributed to a general deterioration of American relations with the European powers.d. In both instances, the United States waged war without a congressional decision to do so.15. Most American deaths in the Spanish-American-Cuban-Filipino War were caused bya. combat wounds.b. tainted food.c. disease.d. heat stroke.16. African American soldiers, at the time of the Spanish-American-Cuban-Filipino War,a. faced racism within the military just as they did within society.b. served only in the Corps of Engineers.c. were not allowed to engage in combat.d. were not allowed to become commissioned officers.17. The first news that Americans heard about action in the Spanish-American-Cuban-Filipino War concerned thea. defeat of American forces in Puerto Rico.b. destruction of the Spanish fleet in Santiago Harbor.c. New Navy’s defeat of the Spanish fleet at Manila Bay, the Philippines.d. taking of San Juan Hill by Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders.18. Which of the following was a provision of the Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American-Cuban-Filipino War?a. The United States would pay Spain $20 million for territories acquired.b. Cuba would belong to the United States.c. The Philippine Islands would be independent.d. Wake Island would become a United States protectorate.19. Which of the following arguments was used by some opponents of the Treaty of Paris?a. The war is unjust, so the treaty is also unjust.b. The United States should not be engaged in economic expansion.c. The annexation of areas populated by dark-skinned people will undermine Anglo-Saxon purity.d. The radical and revolutionary ideas of the Puerto Rican people will undermine American capitalism.20. The anti-imperialist campaign against the Treaty of Parisa. was based on purely constitutional arguments.b. was unsuccessful because most Americans rejected the racist arguments used by the anti-imperialists.c. was successful because of the support of people like Andrew Carnegie.d. was hindered by the inability of the anti-imperialists to wage an effective campaign or to speak with one voice on foreign policy matters.21. From 1899 to 1902, the United States used the army to suppress a struggle for independence ina. the Hawaiian Islands.b. Panama.c. the Philippine Islands.d. Samoa.22. As a result of the Battle of Bud Dajo, the United Statesa. crushed a threatened revolt against American rule in Puerto Rico.b. was forced to grant independence to Cuba and the Philippine Islands.c. defeated resistance to American rule in the Philippines by the Muslim Filipinos of Moro Province.d. captured Emilio Aguinaldo and crushed the Philippine Insurrection.23. United States acquisition of the Philippine Islands led toa. an attempt to Americanize the islands.b. an alliance with Japan to fortify the islands.c. the granting of independence to the Philippine Republic by Congress in 1899.d. Japanese armed intervention in the islands.24. The United States opposed the existence of spheres of influence in China for which of the following reasons?a. Such spheres threatened American trading interests in China.b. Such spheres posed a direct threat to American troops stationed in the Far East.c. Treaty obligations required the United States to defend China against outside interference.d. The United States believed in self-determination for the Chinese people.25. The Boxer Rebellion against foreign presence in Chinaa. drove the imperialist powers out of China.b. led the major powers officially to approve the Open Door policy.c. led the imperialist nations, including the United States, to send troops to China.d. brought the United States and Japan to the verge of war because of American support for the communist Chinese

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